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Trading EUR/USD – A multi year technical analysis topped with some fundamentals.

In this review on the EUR/USD pair we will be looking to understand from a technical point of view where this pair might be going. The methodology is to look into past performance and find leading indicators that can provide us with clues for the future. For that we will be using a set of overlays and indicators.
I divide the different tools in my into two types. The first are primary tools, the signals they provide are used to take a view on the market. The second type are confirmation tools. Before opening a position most of my indicators should tell the same story. In this analysis I will be using the following

  • EMA (120) and EMA (60) [Exponential moving average on price]
  • MACD (24,52,18) [Moving Average Convergence Divergence)


  • RSI (28) [Relative strength index]
  • Fibonacci retracements

I recommend for you to either open in a different window or print the Chart below before we continue (Dotted line is EMA(120) and solid line is EMA(60)

Past performance :
In August of 2008 we can see observe the following phenomenon. Price is making a new high where:

  • The EMA(60) exhibits a bearish engulfing over the EMA(120)
  • MACD plummets from 272 to around 68 
  • RSI declines from 73 to 54

Not far after we can see the EUR crashing in a classic 5 wave pattern.

In late October 2009 and at the beginning of November of the same year after the EUR depreciated by 23%, we can observe the following

  • MACD is in positive divergence from it’s signal line
  • RSI is going up
  • EMA (60) is well below EMA(120)

Since only one of the main indicators suggests a reversal I would have stayed on the side lines this time around. In reality price recovers by 16% in less then two months. The reversal is not sustained and a classic head and shoulders formation with a double bottom is formed between October 2008 and March 2009.
Only in May of 2009 we can again see a clear combination of signals suggesting a sustainable trend reversal.

  • EMA(60) is cross over EMA(120)
  • MACD is in positive divergence against it’s signal line and in an overall bullish trend.
  • RSI climbs from to 47 
  • Price crosses the 61.80% Fibonacci retracement mark.

All these signals combined and pointing in the same direction suggest to me there is high probability long trade here. When trading, one should always have a stop loss and a target. I tend to use a concrete price for stop loss and indicators for my take profit. The stop loss should be placed at the bottom of the movement dated April 19th price 1.2980 .The take profit target should be when EMA(60) crosses under EMA(120). This method would have produced profit of 850 pips over an 8 months period.

Beginning of January we can see the exact mirror pattern of the May 2009 one suggesting it’s time to short the EUR.

Now that concluded the analysis, it’s time to evaluate where we now:

  • EMA(60) is in a 397 pips (2.37%) negative divergence from the EMA (120)
  • MACD is climbing steadily and is in positive divergence from it’s signal line
  • RSI is in an upwards channel
  • Price touched the 61.8% Fibonacci retracement line.

So… It’s a mixed bag. One of our main indicators suggests a high probability for reversal where the other is still far away from indicating a positive reversal. Our confirmation indicators are both bullish.

Action: I am currently short this pair and therefore I would hold for now. If I was neutral I would wait for the pair to test 1.3400 support, If support hold and there are signs of a bullish engulfing from the EMA (60), I would take a cautious long position.

From a fundamental perspective my view on the EUR remains bearish. The latest crisis had a dividing affect on the Euro zone. We have strong economies (Germany, France) that are on the road to recovery where inflation lurks around the corner. On the other side with the PIGS(Portugal, Ireland, Spain and Greece) are in significant debt and I can’t see any light at the end of this tunnel. The divergence may have devastating affects on the EURO as different fiscal policies with a deadlocked monetary policy ,the ECB cannot increase interest rates as it will push the PIGS into defaulting on their debts. Mr George Soros wrote an article published in the FT two months ago about the same, take a few moments to read the article.

Happy Trading ,

Shai Heffetz
Head of

The comment in this blog is the personal opinion of the contributors and not The content does not constitute financial, investment or tax advice. You are advised to discuss your specific requirements with an independent financial adviser prior to entering into any bet. is not responsible and disclaims any and all liability for the content of comments written by contributors to the blog, and the content of any third party sites linked from this blog.

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